Liposuction is the removal of excess body fat by suction using special surgical equipment. The surgery is usually performed by a plastic surgeon.
Liposuction is a type of cosmetic surgery. This surgery removes excess fat to improve body appearance and smooth irregular body contours. Sometimes this procedure is called body contouring.
Liposuction can be used to reshape the areas under the chin, neck, cheekbones, upper arms, breasts, abdomen, buttocks, hips, thighs, knees, calves, and ankles.
This is a surgical procedure that has risks and may involve a painful recovery. Liposuction can have serious or in rare cases fatal complications. Therefore, you should think carefully about the decision to have this surgery.
Types of liposuction procedures
Tumescent Liposuction (Fluid Injection) it is the most common type of liposuction in Mumbai. It involves injecting a good amount of medicated solution in the areas to be operated on before extracting the fat. Sometimes the solution can be up to three times the amount of fat to be extracted. The fluid is a mixture of a local anesthetic (Lidocaine), a drug that constricts blood vessels (epinephrine), and an intravenous (IV) saline solution. Lidocaine helps numb the area during and after the operation. It may be the only anesthesia needed for the procedure. The epinephrine in the solution helps reduce blood loss, bruising, and swelling. The intravenous solution helps extract the fat more easily. It is sucked out along with the fat. This type of liposuction usually takes longer than other types.
The super-wet technique is similar to tumescent liposuction. The difference is that not as much fluid is used during surgery. The amount of fluid that is injected is equal to the amount of fat that is going to be extracted. This technique takes less time. But often a sedative (medication that makes you sleepy) or general anesthesia (medication that allows you to sleep and not feel pain) is needed.
Ultrasound-assisted liposuction (UAL) uses ultrasonic vibrations to transform fat cells into fluid. Subsequently, the cells can be aspirated. This operation can be performed in two ways: external (on the surface of the skin with a special emitter) or internal (under the surface of the skin, with the help of a small hot canola). This technique can help remove fat from dense, fibrous areas of the body, such as the upper back or enlarged breast tissue in men. This technique is often used in combination with the tumescent technique, in follow-up (secondary) procedures, or for greater precision. This procedure generally takes longer than the super-wet technique.
Laser-assisted liposuction (LAL) uses laser energy to liquefy fat cells. Once the cells liquefy, they can be aspirated or allowed to drain through small tubes. Since the tube (canola) used during LAL is smaller than those used in traditional liposuction, surgeons prefer to use LAL in small areas. These include the chin, jaw, and face. One possible advantage of using LAL over other methods of liposuction is that the energy from the laser stimulates collagen production. This can help prevent the skin from sagging after liposuction. Collagen is a fibrous protein that helps maintain the structure of the skin.
How the procedure is carried out
- For liposuction surgery in Mumbai, a liposuction machine and special instruments called canellas are used.
- The surgical team prepares the areas of your body that will be operated on.
- You will receive general or local anesthesia.
- Through a small incision in the skin, the numbing fluid is injected under the skin in the areas to be worked on.
- Then the medicine in the solution takes effect. The loosened fat is sucked out through a suction tube. A suction pump or large syringe provides the suction action.
- Several skin punctures may be needed to treat large areas. The surgeon can approach the areas to be treated from several different directions in order to achieve the best silhouette.
- After the fat is removed, small drainage tubes may be inserted into the already empty areas to remove blood and fluid that accumulates during the first few days after surgery.
- If you have lost a lot of fluid or blood during surgery, you may need fluid replacement (intravenously). Very rarely, a blood transfusion may be needed.
- A compression garment will be placed on you. Use it as directed by your surgeon.
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